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تاریخ ما - بنا های اسلامی در اندلس
جمعه 4 آذر 1390

بنا های اسلامی در اندلس

   نوشته شده توسط: محمد ظهرابی    نوع مطلب :اثار تاریخی ایران و جهان ،

گزارش تصویری: یادگارهای تمدن اسلامی در آندلس

  آندلس یكی از 17 ایالتی است كه كشور اسپانیا را تشكیل می‌دهد. آندلس در جنوب اسپانیا واقع شده و رودخانه گوادالكویر به طول 657 كیلومتر كه بین دو رشته كوه سیئنا موره نا و سیئرا نوادا جریان دارد از میان این سرزمین پهناور می‌گذرد. آندلس شهرتش مدیون كاخ‌ها، مساجد قدیمی و باغ‌هایی است كه یادگار تمدن اسلامی در دوره حكومت مسلمانان در این سرزمین هستند. سفری كوتاه به آندلس.

منظره كاخ الحمرا مشهورترین بنای آندلس و شاید سراسر اسپانیا كه بر فراز تپه سابیكا در نزدیكی شهر گرانادا واقع شده است. این كاخ قلعه مانند مجموعه‌ای از كاخ ها و باغ ها را شامل می‌شود
 
تصویر بخشی از ستون های كاخ ناصریه در مجموعه الحمرا.
 
باغ های‌الحمرا مجموعه ای حیرت‌آور از سرسبزی و خنكی هوا در منطقه خشك و گرم آندلس محسوب می‌شوند
 
منظره زیبای انبوه گل های شقایق در پای درختان بادام در آندلس.
 
منظره ای از شهر سویا در حاشیه رودخانه گوادالكویر كه با 700 هزار جمعیت چهارمین شهر بزرگ اسپانیا است. قدمت بندر سویا به قرن هشتم میلادی باز می‌گردد
 
تصویر داخل مزكیتا كوردوبا یا مسجد جامع كوردوبا یادگار دوران تمدن اسلامی 
 
منظره بخشی از كاخ باشكوه الكازار كه جواهری در شهر سویا محسوب شده و احداث بنای اولیه آن به سال 712 میلادی باز می گردد
 
منظره برج خیرالدا كه در ابتدا مناره مسجد سویا بود كه در اواخر قرن دوازدهم میلادی بنا شده است
 
تصویر زیبا و بدیع باغ ها و آب نما های كاخ الكازار در شهر سویا
 
منظره زیبای یكی از ورودی های عمارت و باغ های مورییو در شهر سویا

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